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Compensatory growth is the “better than expected” growth performance seen in animals following a period of very low weight gain or weight loss when nutrient levels return to sufficient amounts. During a stressful period, an animals maintenance requirements will lower to aid survival which means that their growth efficiency and protein deposition potential increase. When they are given access to a higher quality feed, they experience fantastic compensatory growth. Cattle may experience compensatory gain only for a short period of time before they plateau and grow at similar rates to other stock that did not undergo nutrient restriction.

Our very own Susie Doyle is moving out to Blackall where she will continue her role with Top Country as a consulting nutritionist. This will position her in a better location to service the Warrego & Central Western Qld region.

Some areas of Queensland have been very fortunate and have received good rainfall over the summer months.  This has created excellent pasture growth in these areas, setting them up with a solid body of feed heading in to the winter. However in the last few weeks there have been some very high temperatures with no relieving rain, so pastures have really started to hay off, signalling the start of declining pasture quality.

Fluorine is an essential trace element for cattle and as a trace element it is only needed in very small amounts. It is suggested by the National Research Council (NRC) that the toxic level of Fluorine is 40% or 40mg/kg of dry matter intake (DM) with the lowest observed effect level at only 10mg/kg DM/day. For this reason it is important to ensure that you do not feed or allow prolonged access to high Fluorine sources; these may include bore water, deep wells, industrial contamination of pastures as well as most rock phosphates.

Planting crops for feeding off is a great way to capitalise on good seasons and cattle markets.  In our travels, we have seen a lot of promising forage crops coming through this year.  With such a good looking crop of forage, it is always important to be ever aware of the risks involved with feeding forage sorghum.

Adequate intake of minerals and vitamins is essential for the continued productivity and health of ruminant animals in extensive and intensive feed systems. It is a vital area of nutrition that is greatly overlooked, particularly in drought conditions (McKiernan & Blackwood 2006, p. 1). While the seasons continue to promote the prolonged presence of dry standing feed, it is a key area that now requires an important connotation (McKiernan & Blackwood 2006, p. 1). Top Country’s qualified nutritionists can assist in determining the presence of Vitamin A deficiencies and the requirement for vitamin supplementation. For an additional cost of less than 1 cent/head/day, Top Country can put an effective Vitamin inclusion in any dry lick supplement to target and prevent deficiencies.

The protein levels in pastures around Australia are particularly low at this time of the year especially with the dry spring that we are experiencing. At this stage of pasture growth, supplementing with the correct ingredients is extremely important for both maintenance & production.

If you’re not one to risk urea poisoning, then gradually increasing the urea content of your dry lick supplement is the safest way to begin your supplementation program.

Salt has traditionally been used as an intake limiter in stock feed supplements, however scientific advances in nutritional knowledge are slowly changing this practise. A number of different products are now being utilised as intake controllers that also offer the advantage of secondary nutritional benefits.

The Importance of Supplementing Beef & Dairy Cattle in the Green

Over the last few months there have been some good falls of rain scattered throughout the state, some areas receiving an excellent soaking but others still awaiting their turn. For the areas that managed to get under the rain, the country is coming away magnificently allowing for much needed forage and pasture production. It is absolutely wonderful to see a green landscape for a change, however with the rapid growth of green feed coming through it is important to keep in mind there will be certain nutritional deficiencies that need to be balanced.

Big Head is a general skeletal osteoporosis caused by a calcium and phosphorus imbalance in response to an excess of oxalates found in certain grasses and in un-supplemented grain feeds. The oxalates bind to the free calcium in the grass or feed which prevents absorption and uptake of calcium in the gut and essentially causes the animal to draw calcium from its bones’. The bond is so strong that the calcium passes out in the manure, making the supplement worthless to the horse. Taking steps to ensure your horse is well balanced and supplemented before symptoms arise is extremely important: PREVENTION IS KEY!

Rumensin is the magical feed additive that makes supplementing a whole lot more worthwhile. There is great value in being able to improve the feed conversion rate in the rumen and that is the purpose of Rumensin!

Whole cottonseed has always been one of the “go-to” feeds for sheep and cattle during dry times due to the relatively high nutritional value of the product. However, feeding whole cottonseed can be quite risky due to the presence of free gossypol.

Top Country Livestock Nutrition
Your Partners In Nutrition


  • Address
    44484 Warrego Highway,
    Roma QLD 4455
  • Phone
    +61 (0) 7 4622 8330


  • Address
    Corner of Willson Street/Mundubbera-Durong Road,
    Mundubbera QLD 4626
  • Phone
    +61 (0) 7 4165 4943